Understanding Stress:
Stress seems to have become a common term circulating in people’s daily conversations all through the world. People from all age groups experience stress in some form or the other. Since it has high prevalence, it becomes cardinal to understand this phenomenon of stress that we so often encounter. 
Now, before we dive into the wider details, let us first begin with understanding what does stress mean (a quick definition).
 
What Is Stress?
Stress can be defined as a negative state of mind that is induced by a real or perceived stimulus/object in one’s surroundings. This stimulus/object is called a ‘Stressor’ and can be anything such as a tough situation like financial or relationship problem or simply worry about future.
Mostly people interpret the term “stress” as a psychological phenomenon. It can also be understood as a real or a perceived shift in the internal equilibrium of a person’s state of harmony. This disequilibrium happens both physically and mentally.
For example: You could feel stressed about something that is real, for example, a job interview that you’re appearing for tomorrow. You could also feel stressed for something totally imaginary, for instance, the possibility of being rejected in the interview before it has actually even taken place.

What Is The Cause Of Stress?
Realistically speaking, stress is something very subjective and is highly based on a person’s individual perception of a situation. What causes stress to one person may not cause any stress to the other. It all depends on who perceives what as a threat, and the threat factor here could be both physical and psychological. Given that, some of the most common causes of stress among people include:

• Social stress such as being bullied, not getting along with people
• Dealing with financial difficulties
• Getting fired from a job
• Unfriendly or difficult work environment
• Family or relationship issues
• Death of a dear one
• Complete change in surroundings
 
What Happens When A Person Is Stressed?
Whenever a person’s body or mind feels that it is about to deal with a tough or a demanding situation, it immediately triggers an internal stress response. This response causes instant changes in the hormonal, respiratory, cardiovascular and nervous systems. Such a reaction is typically referred to as the “fight-or-flight” reaction, and it prepares the body when it is under the perceived attack.
If you can recall, the first time you went up to the stage in school or college to give a speech or make a presentation, you probably felt some butterflies in your stomach, or experienced a faster heartbeat. That was your body internally reacting to the perceived tough situation and the stress. Similarly, the feeling of stress could also give your body a burst of energy by raising your adrenalin levels making you sweat.

Is Stress Good Or Bad?
Stress is usually given  a negative connotation. However, truly speaking, the shift in the internal equilibrium that comes with stress can be both good and bad. Good stress can actually stir up a reaction in you that makes you prepare for the tough situation and respond to it adequately. Ultimately, it is these bodily reactions to stress that have propelled man to respond to the nature’s threats, survive and evolve. 
Bad stress, on the other hand, can cause a storm of negative feelings such as paranoia, distrust in your abilities or even depression. If you’re suffering from the bad type of stress in high magnitudes over an extended period, you could turn victim to a host of health problems. This is when stress is completely negative and you must do something to manage it.
 
What Are The Types Of Stress?
As such, stress can be divided into two main types – acute and chronic. The acute stress is what we already discussed as the “fight-or-flight” reaction. It is what helps you to respond, move away from danger or give you energy to fight with the situation. It’s completely normal if it occurs in decent intervals. However, if it is too frequent, it can cause anxiety, panic attacks or other health issues.
Chronic stress, on the other hand, occurs when there are several acute stressors over a period of time and they don’t seem to go away. In such situations, the body stops having a fight-or-flight response. If you’re suffering from chronic stress, you might not even recognize it. It just builds up and causes long lasting problems and issues. Chronic stress needs serious attention before it starts causing other health problems especially Cardiovascular Diseases.
 
Can Stress Be Managed?
A certain degree of stress is inevitable and the body manages it on its own. But if you’re feeling quite stressed on a frequent basis, you need to plug in effort to manage it and the good news is that it is manageable. The fundamental step for this is to first recognize the cause(s) of your stress. Once you know that, you work practically to look for solutions for the problem. Remember a problem will remain for as long as you don’t actively work towards a solution. Hence, taking charge of your life is essential and getting a good understanding of what causes you stress, how and what you can potentially do to de-escalate the situation.
In addition, leading a healthy life by eating healthy, exercising, indulging in meditation and recreation is one of the simple ways to keep it in control. If your stress levels are getting too high, you can also reach out and share with your loved ones. In case you feel nothing is helping and you’re still too stressed, you can seek professional help, as it is a definite way to understand the best coping mechanisms for the stress resulting from your specific situation.
 
Take home message - Whatever it maybe, that causes you stress, each day take a simple step to solve the  situation and simplify it instead of inactivity.